Text: Genesis 1-4
Title: “The Genealogy of a Father and a Son”
Purpose: To show the consequences of the relationship between fathers and
sons down thru the Bible
Intro.: In sports it is said that the best defense is
a good offense. In other words it is better to take charge of circumstances
rather than to let circumstances take charge of you. It is better to be on
the offensive rather than the defensive. And in fact, those are the only
two choices in regard to the father/son relationship. But let me go a step
further and say that it is far better to have made the decisions of life way
before you run into the circumstances of life! That is why, in sports, you
practice for every circumstance of the game.
As the father, your role is to be God’s representative in the home.
Whether you like it or not, you are an example to your children of what kind
of Father God is to His children. You are shaping your sons’ perception of
God either for good or evil.
As a Christian, you represent Jesus Christ in your home. Whether you like
it or not, you are to be a “role model,” one who not only teaches with
words, but teaches by your example.
The Bible teaches fathers to “train up (“train, dedicate”) a child
in the way (“1. road, way, path [of life]”); 2. journey [of life]; 3.
direction [of life]; 4. manner, habit, way [of life]; 5. course of life
(fig.); 6. moral character (fig.)”) he should go” (Prov. 22:6).
For the child-son, your role is to be the
obedient servant in the home. Everything you need (not want) is provided
for you to one degree or another, and it is your place to be obedient and
grateful, especially so if your father is the proper example.
As a Christian, you are to show Biblical submission to Christ through your
Biblical submission to your parents.
The Bible teaches children to “obey (“1. to listen, to harken; 2. to
harken to a command; 3. to obey, be obedient to, submit to”) your parents
in the Lord” (Eph. 6:1)
For the grown son, you are to perpetuate the
godly instruction and example you learn from your father, and reject the
godless instruction and example you may have seen in your parents.
As a Christian you are to maintain and strengthen that which remains of
value from your childhood.
The Bible teaches grown sons to “honour (“1. fix the value; 2. to
revere, venerate”) thy father and mother” (Eph. 6:2)
All three of these commands are offensive in that before the trouble starts
you have already set the standard to be followed, so that when the trouble
starts, and it will, you have already determined the Biblical response.
To begin this teaching we should go back to the beginning of mankind and the
story of Adam and his sons.
And the reason we must go back to Adam is that is where your and your son’s
gene pool started filling up!
I. IN THE BEGINNING
A. The Genealogy of the Father. (Gen. 1:26-31)
1. Adam in innocence (Gen. 2:15-17)
2. Adam in disobedience (Gen. 3:6-17)
a. He chose the things of this life over the things/obedience
of/to God (v6-7)
1) He distrusted God, and then disregarded God (v1, 4-6)
2) Hid from God (v8)
3) Hid from responsibility to God (“Where art thou?”) (v9)
4) Hid because of fear (“he was afraid”) (v10)
1 John 4:18 “There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out
fear: because fear hath torment…”.
5) Hid behind his wife (v11-12)
Keil: “It is so still; the sinner first of all
endevours to throw the blame upon others as tempters, and then upon
circumstances which God has ordained.”
b. Suffered the consequences (v17)
II. IN THE BEGINNING
A. The Genealogy of the Sons (Gen. 4:1-5)
1. “A man from the Lord”
Note: Men are made, not born. Your baby may be a
male, but only time will tell if he will grow to be a man. Originally, God
gave you a son. Now you are to give back to God a “man,” and a spiritual
man at that!
Keil: “Generation in man is an act of personal free-will, not a blind
impulse of nature, and rests upon a moral self-determination. It flows from
the divine institution of marriage.”
a. Cain (“possession [of Jehovah]”) (v1)
(Mentioned 17 times in Bible, all negative after Gen.)
1) Tiller of the ground
a) He was like his father Adam in innocence (2:15)
b. Abel (“breath, ie, nothingness, vanity”) (v2) (Mentioned 13
times in Bible, all positive)
1) Keeper of sheep
a) He was like his father Adam in redemption (3:21)
Note: After Adam was forced out of the Garden of Eden,
he became both a tiller of the ground and a keeper of sheep. Agriculture
and animals go hand and hoof. Either the sons were assigned different
occupations, or they chose different occupations.
c. Both partakers of their father’s fallen
2. Sons who “knew” the Lord (v3, 4)
III. THE FIRST CONFLICT (4:1-5)
A. Centered on God (v3, 4)
1. A spiritual battle
a. After a long period of time, both
sons brought an offerin (“gift”) to the Lord
Keil: “This offering was not commanded by God, nor invented by man.
Offerings were determined by God to satisfy the need of the heart for
fellowship with God. This need existed in both sons. These offerings were
expressions of gratitude to God, to whom they owed all they had; and to
secure the divine favor and blessings”
Fueled by self interests
1. Cain brought from the fruit of the ground
(neither the first fruits nor the best fruits)
2. Abel brought from the fattest of the
firstlings of the flock
a. The only differences between Cain and Abel
were their hearts as reflected in their sacrifices
Heb 11:4 “By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than
Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of
his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.”
C. Settled by God (4-5)
1. Lord had respect (“look at, regard”) unto Abel and his offering
a. Why? (v7)
1) Do well (“do right”), be accepted (“elevated”)
2. Lord did not have respect unto Cain and his offering
1) Do wrong, be unacceptable (“sin lieth at (“is stretched
across”) the door”.
Keil: “The reason for the
different reception of the two offerings was the state of mind towards God
with which they were brought, and which manifested itself in the selection
of the gifts.”
IV. THE FIRST REALIZATION OF WRONG (v5)
A. Cain’s Reaction
1. Was wroth (“it burned Cain
2. Countenance fell. (Keil: His look was indicative of evil
thoughts and intentions)
B. God’s Response
1. Don’t give way to this!
2. Why are you reacting like this?
Keil: “Sin is directed towards you, but you should
rule over it.”)
V. THE FULL CONSEQUENCES
A. Abel. Murdered!
Keil: “The writer repeats again and again the words, ‘
his brother,’ to bring out clearly the horror of the sin. Cain was the
first man who let sin reign in him; he was ‘of the wicked one. In him the
seed of the woman had already become the seed of the serpent/ and in his
deed the real nature of the wicked one, as ‘a murderer from the beginning,’
had come openly to light. Here are the two distinct seeds within the human
B. Cain. Cursed!
Keil: “Defiance grows with sin, and punishment keeps
pace with guilt.”
1. A struggle to survive
2. A fugitive and a vagabond (“unstable wanderer”)
3. A punishment beyond bearing
Concl: Like father like son! A sobering thought. You
here that are fathers are yet sons. You here that are sons will yet be
fathers and yet stay sons. Your life is but a continuation of the lives of
Cain and Abel, distinguished only by the choices your make.
Dad, your father was either a Cain or Abel. Therefore, you are either a
Cain or Abel. And you are raising either a Cain or Abel.
Son, you are either a Cain or an Abel. And what you stay will determine
your manner of life, and then your son’s manner of life.
Yet, though you might be a Cain, you can become an Abel by trusting Jesus
Christ as your Saviour and being adopted into the family of God. The Bible
says salvation is “repentance toward God and faith toward our Lord Jesus
Christ.” Cain was lost and went to Hell. Abel was saved and went to
You could not chose your father, but you can chose to trust Christ as your